French Heavy Cavalry 1822 pattern







French Heavy Calvalry 1822 pattern sword, known as the "Bancal".

On January 18, 1822, the Committee of cavalry decided unanimously in favour of a curved sword for the entire cavalry, Light and Heavy, using a Montmorency type blade.

This option for a curved blade was chosen on the assumption that this blade was also effective in the thrust and to minimize the number of regulatory model, which was the goal of the reform.

The heavy cavalry, unique in the world, got a curved blade.




It is the sword of all Dragoons, Cuirassier, Carabiniers during the Crimean war, the Mexican expedition, the Prussian war and the colonial wars.






Sapeur de Cuirassier de la Garde de Napoleon III



© SabresEmpire





Imperial Guard Dragoon Napoléon III



Three bar hilt moulded in one piece for extra strength.

Brass hilt including a main branch with two lateral branches converging on the bare arch joint, short-tailed pommel cap . 
Shell guard ending like a "beak" without a quillon.




Our sword is marked Manufacture Royale de Klingenthal Juin 1829, with the poincons B for J.A Bisch, controller from 1825 to 1830 and D for Jean Dubocq, controller from 1823 to 1830.
Same  poinçons ont the base of the blade.

Weights 1.20 kg and 1.96 kg with steel scabbard. The copper grip twisted wire is missing.



Mexican expedition 1866








This heavy cavalry sword in 1822 was called "bancal" maybe because it was considered as poor in points and weak in size, like a wobbly chair.


Lancier of The Imperial Garde carrying its "bancal", Officers most of the time will prefer the lighter version by E Détaille








Reichshoffen charge August 1870








Guard Cuirassiers  with the "Bancal"





Napoléon III Imperatrice Dragoons Guard









This sword remains the only experience of a curved blade for a heavy cavalry sword.

The blade called a la "Montmorency" (blade assigned to 2nd "Chasseur " (1799), old regiment of Dragoon Montmorency and the Evéché (1788)

This regiment gained regulatory authorisation to wear the blade after the battle of Marengo  (Decreed on 18th August 1802 ), preferred to the blade of the sword model An XI which was considered too broad.




Dragon of the Imperial Guard